Coronaviruses are a big family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, many coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The just now discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.
COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the just discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan city of China, in December 2019. COVID-19 is now a pandemic attack in many countries globally.
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are tiredness, fever and dry cough, Other symptoms that are less common and may affect some patients include aches and pains, nasal congestion, headache, conjunctivitis, sore throat, diarrhoea, loss of taste or smell or a rash on skin or defect of fingers or toes. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but only have very light symptoms.
About 80% of people recover from the disease without needing hospital treatment. Around 1 out of every 5 people who get COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops tough breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure and heart and lung problems, diabetes, or cancer, are at higher risk of developing a serious illness. Although anyone can catch COVID-19 and become seriously ill. People of different ages who experience fever or cough associated with difficulty shortness of breath, chest pain/pressure, or loss of speech or movement should seek medical attention immediately. If possible, it is recommended to call the health care provider so the patient can be directed to the right clinic.
People can clutch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease expanded from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth, which are expelled when a person with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes or speaks. These droplets are comparatively heavy, do not travel far and quickly sink to the ground. People can clutch COVID-19 if they breathe in these droplets from a person infected with the virus.
This is why it is important to stay at least 3 feet away from others. These droplets can land on thing and surfaces around the person such as tables, doorknobs and handrails. People can become infected by touching these objects then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. This is why it is important to wash your hands ordinarily with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand rub.
WHO is checkout ongoing research on the ways that COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share updated findings?
If you choose to wear a mask:
- Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub/ soap and water
- Take the mask and examine it for tears or holes.
- Orient which side is the top side.
- Ensure the proper side of the mask faces externally.
- Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip of the mask so its moulids to the shape of your nose.
- Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin.
- Do not touch the mask while you are wearing it for safety.
- Throw away the mask in a closed bin immediately after use. Do not reuse the mask.
- .Perform hand hygiene after touching the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.
Be aware that there is a global shortage of medical masks (both surgical masks and N95 masks). These should be reserved as much as possible for health care workers.
Remember that masks are not a reserve for other, more effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 such as frequently washing your hands, covering your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from others. See basic safety measures against the new coronavirus for more information.
Follow the instruction of your national health authority on the use of masks.
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